using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Buddhadharma : Summer 2012
28 BUDDHADHARMA: THE PRACTITIONER’S QUARTERLY SUMMER 2 0 1 2 very strong in terms of ethical discipline and the monastic systems to uphold it, but the danger of losing sight of our ethical foundations remains. As we get into more and more subtle realms of truth, and realize that morality is empty of inher- ent existence, we might not be able to uphold the commitment and rigors of moral discipline unless that realization is mature. And if we can’t continue to be wholeheartedly devoted to ethi- cal discipline while we go into the study of the profound emptiness of things, then we should stop opening to the ultimate truth of emptiness. The Second Turning When the Buddha passed into complete nirvana, the community was strong, and there were many enlightened disciples. But the Buddhist commu- nity had to become still more mature before it could withstand the impact of the second turn- ing. It took about five hundred years before that next turning occurred. The historical Buddha was no longer alive, and so the next turning of the wheel had to use a different buddha. A cosmic buddha was going to have to turn the wheel. And the cosmic buddha did not empha- size that what is happening is impermanent, fleet- ing, bouncing, dancing elements, as in the first turning, but taught that these elements have no independent existence. The second turning offers no conceptual approach to reality. It refutes the previous method and the previous path based on a conceptual approach to liberation. In the Heart Sutra, the great cosmic bodhisattva Avalokites- vara tells us that form, feelings, perceptions, mental formations, and consciousness are all empty, and in emptiness there is no suffering, no cause of suffering, no end of suffering, and no path to freedom from suffering. In other words, none of the Buddha’s conceptual teachings, such as the four noble truths and the eightfold path, really apply. In the first turning of the wheel, things were interdependent and real. In the second turning, they’re ultimately empty and unreal because they’re interdependent. So there is no logical approach to practice, no approach to libera- tion, no path to freedom. Because all things are interdependent, including freedom, freedom itself is not real. Suffering is interdependent, and therefore suffering is not ultimately real. In this second turning of the wheel, bondage, turmoil, and misery are interdependent phenomena and therefore not real. Liberation and peace and joy are interdependent and therefore not real. Thus liberation and bondage have the same nature. This kind of teaching creates problems for some people. But any problems that come up have the nature of being completely free of any problems. The way that things are is right before us, right now, and using any approach to them is a distraction. Another big difference from the first turning of the wheel is that this pathless path is not about personal liberation. The path where we see that complete freedom and complete bondage have the same nature is not the path of individual liberation; it’s the path of liberating all beings. It’s not the path of an individual buddha, or the historical Buddha, it’s the path of a buddha that is the same as the entire universe. The entire universe, in the second turning of the wheel, is always showing us the truth, no matter what’s happening. There is no conceptual approach to the entire universe. It just immediately presents itself all the time. And because there’s no concep- tual approach, there’s no difference in access for those who have received instructions about the