using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Buddhadharma : Winter 2014
winter 2 0 1 4 buddhadharma: the Practitioner’s quarterly 35 The great yogi Milarepa’s two main students were Gampopa, who was compared to the sun, and Rechungpa, who was compared to the moon. When Milarepa spontaneously sang the “Eight Kinds of Mastery,” it was addressed to Rechungpa. In this spontaneous song of realization, Milarepa describes what it means to have mastered the eight areas: view, meditation, conduct, the nature of life, dharmakaya, instructions, real- ization, and fruition. Mastering these means bringing them to final perfection. The first of the eight is mastery of view, which Milarepa describes as follows: Not separating appearance and emptiness This is view as mastered as it can be What does “appearance” mean? Generally speaking, the term refers to anything manifest- ing due to interdependent causes and conditions. More specifically, our sensory faculties expe- rience forms, sounds, smells, tastes, and tactile objects. All of these are mere appearances; they do not truly exist. In other words, they have no essential nature of their own. Therefore, they are empty. If you separate appearances from their emptiness, believing them to be different and dis- tinct from one other, you have not mastered view. To illustrate this, let us say you dream about a flower. There is the mere appearance of the flower in the dream, and there is also the lack of true existence of the flower. Are these two different things? No, of course not. While appearing, the flower is empty of inherent existence, and although empty, it still appears. These are not two different things. The Eight Kinds of Mastery (Opposite) On-air Project 056-1 15 Buddhas, from the series Mandala, 2004 by Atta Kim In order to understand the true nature of reality, you must go beyond conventional ways of seeing and experiencing the world. Khenpo tsultrim gyamtso discusses eight ways to perfect your meditation, conduct, and view.