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Buddhadharma : Fall 2006
fall 2006| 38 |buddhadharma ism that constitute wrong views. The view of this absolute, spacelike nature is unblemished by such extremes, just like the lotus flower, which grows above the surface of the lake and is unstained by mud: As the unborn absolute nature is unaffected by relative phenomena, Make the great purity the path, as exemplified by the lotus growing from the mud. ú Showing by means of illustrations how knowl- edge helps the meditation. Son, here are instructions on four things to be known. If you are to meditate with one-pointed con- centration, you need to know clearly what you have to meditate on. All phenomena in samsara and nirvana are devoid of true existence. At present, we perceive samsara as something we have to reject and nirvana as something we have to attain. Now while this is correct accord- ing to relative truth, according to absolute truth, the nature of the afflictive emotions and actions that we are supposed to reject is nothing other than emptiness, and the nature of the kayas and wisdoms we have to achieve is also nothing other than emptiness. When we realize the dharmakaya, which is free from true existence, we will know that all perceptions are similar to a dream or an illusion and we will no longer crave these phe- nomena. As it is said, “While there is attachment, there is no view.” And absence of attachment is the supreme view. Know freedom from attachment, as illustrated by the magician, for a magician knows that the things he has created do not truly exist and he is therefore not attached to them. When you ascertain the nature of all phe- nomena, everything comes down to the truth of emptiness. The entities of samsara that have to be rejected are emptiness; the qualities of nirvana that have to be attained are emptiness. Their emp- tiness is not of different kinds: phenomena have the same all-pervading nature, the one taste in multiplicity, the sole essence. Therefore, As phenomena and their nature are not two separate things, Know indivisibility, as illustrated by sandal- wood or the musk deer. Sandalwood cannot be separated from its fra- grance, nor the musk deer from its smell. It is in this same way that you should recognize the essential indivisibility of samsara and nirvana. Since there is no relying on conditioned phe- nomena with characteristics, Know that relatives deceive, as illustrated by being let down by a friend. One cannot rely on the conditioned things of samsara, like fame, wealth, rank, and so forth. There are no relative phenomena in samsara and nirvana on which one can depend. It is important to know this. If, for example, you are traveling to a distant land in the company of a friend who then somehow lets you down, you will realize you can no longer trust that friend. In the same way, you should know that attachment to relatives and friends is simply a cause of deception. Free your- self from clinging and do not rely on such things. Since the absolute nature has been present in you from the beginning, Know inseparability, as illustrated by a sesame seed or the flame of a lamp. The absolute nature has been constantly present within you since the very beginning. It is not some- thing that you have been given by the teacher’s blessings, like a gift. Nor is it something that has been changed from something else, like a square of woolen cloth that is dyed a different color. It has not been newly fabricated. Rather, it is like the oil in a sesame seed: despite the sesame seed’s tiny size, there is always oil present in it. Or like the flame of a lamp: whatever the size of the flame, the light it gives out is naturally part of it. In the same way, you should know that none of the qualities of nir- vana is ever separate from your essential nature. When one knows this, the bonds of belief in true existence and dualistic concepts are loosened by themselves, and immaculate wisdom is born in one’s mind.