using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Buddhadharma : Spri 2013
62 BUDDHADHARMA: THE PRACTITIONER’S QUARTERLY SPRING 2 0 1 3 NO ONE HAS EVER achieved buddhahood through selfishness. If it were possible to achieve buddhahood through a selfish motivation, then we would certainly have achieved it because we are all masters at selfishness. And yet it appears that we have not done so. All buddhas have achieved buddhahood through altruism; all sen- tient beings remain sentient beings because of selfishness. What does our selfishness consist of? It consists of “I want”: I want pleasure, I want wealth, I want security, and so forth. As Nagarjuna advised the king in his Friendly Letter, our selfishness consists of an obsessive concern with the eight things of the world: whether I expe- rience gain or loss, whether I experience pleasure or pain, whether I have a good or bad reputation, and whether people praise or revile me. To overcome our selfishness and obsession with worldly concerns, we are advised to cul- tivate an altruistic motivation. In the Guru Yoga for the Four Sessions composed by the Eighth Gyalwang Karmapa, Mikyo Dorje, the prayer recited at the beginning, called The Four Monlams, begins: My mothers—all beings throughout space— supplicate the guru, the precious buddha; My mothers—all beings throughout space— supplicate the guru, the all-pervasive dharmakaya; My mothers—all beings throughout space— supplicate the guru, the sambhogakaya of great bliss; My mothers—all beings throughout space— supplicate the guru, the compassionate nirmanakaya. You might not think your practice has selfish motivations, says Bardor Tulku, but if you take a close look, you may be surprised by what you find. Notice that the attitude we take even in pray- ing to the guru is one of praying on behalf of all beings throughout space, all of whom have been our mothers, and this attitude is considered so important that we customarily repeat that prayer 100,000 times during the practice of guru yoga. But is that really what we are thinking while reciting this prayer? We may be saying, “My mothers—all beings throughout space” and thinking, “I, who am as important as all space.” If that’s what we are thinking inside, then we are really only praying for our own benefit and the fact that we may be talking about all beings in the prayer is not going to make any difference. Engaging in a virtuous action with an impure motivation is like eating a delicious food that has been mixed with poison. It may be deli- cious while you eat it but because it is poisoned, unless you are a peacock and thereby immune to poisoning, it will kill you. In the same way, any virtuous action that we might perform with a klesha, or mental affliction, as its motivation will not really be a virtuous action. Any one of the ten virtuous actions that is motivated by kleshas becomes in effect one of the corresponding ten unvirtuous actions. A dharma practitioner must develop the signs of practice. It is said that the sign of having heard the dharma is that one is tranquil and subdued; the sign of having meditated is that one has few mental afflictions. If that does not happen, if our dharma practice consists of thinking that “I am as important as all space,” then it is not working—we are not emulating the guru; we are not fulfilling our guru’s intentions; we are not defending the purity of the dharma. PHOTOTOMWARREN|NEWYORK BARDOR TULKU RINPOCHE is the founder and spiritual director of Kunzang Palchen Ling in Red Hook, New York. Recognized by the Sixteenth Karmapa as the third incarnation of Terchen Barway Dorje (1836–1918), he has worked to preserve the treasure lineage teachings and present them to a Western audience. ROBERTHANSEN-STURM,2012 Take a Hard Look