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Buddhadharma : Spring 2018
SHINSHU ROBERTS 65 to our understanding of a dharma position or a being–time. We do have a past and future, but we are not bound by a fossilized past or future. We use our past experiences and future desires as tools for discernment. If we can engage with the present moment in this way, we are freed to respond to this moment unobstructed by motivations that might hinder a skillful response. A dharma position holds all being–time—a being’s time and time’s being—in this very moment. This is the complete nonduality of things, existence, and time. A particular being–time expresses two states. First, there is the universal state of all being–time. This is the inclusive nature of everything taken as a whole. Second, a being’s time is a particular event, person, or thing, which is expressed as an independent dharma position. Simultaneously, a dharma position is both universal being–time and a particular being–time. Everything is present at the same time without hindering the universal and par ticular nature of any other. This is also true of time’s–being. When we include everything in our understanding, we are more cognizant of the intrinsic value of each thing, and we are more aware of the place each being or event has in relationship to us. We don’t exclude anything, recognizing that everything is already pres ent. Accepting things as they are is predicated upon knowing that the present includes all those things we want and those things we don’t want. We cannot reject anything merely because it causes us discomfort or does not fit our idea of how it should be. Our suffer ing arises from this overlay of likes and dislikes, but truthfully there is nothing obstructing the fully realized moment because nothing is excluded and all things arise simultaneously. Furthermore, everything interpenetrates everything else and is all other beings and times, within a particular dharma position. This idea is articulated in the Huayan phrase “to know one thing is to know all things.” If you understand this foundational truth about a thing’s essential nature, you will also understand the basic truth