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Buddhadharma : Spring 2016
36 buddhadharma: the practitioner’s quarterly spring 2 0 1 6 and fruition, when one experiences nibbana there is no suffering at all, and so it is the end of suffering. Because nibbana is the opposite of all conditioned phenomena [such as fire and water, heat and cold, light and dark], there is no nibbana in conditioned phenomena, and there are also no conditioned phenomena in nibbana. The conditioned and the unconditioned never coexist. —Udana-atthakatha In accordance with this commentary from the Udana, as long as there are still conditioned phe- nomena, nibbana cannot yet be reached. While experiencing nibbana, no conditioned phenomena arise. When entering parinibbana, conditioned phe- nomena no longer arise; they cease to exist. When nibbana is realized by means of the four path knowledges, there is no room left for any form of craving, either those that lead to lower rebirths, gross forms of sense desire, subtle forms of sense desire, or fine material and immaterial forms; all these forms of craving are totally destroyed. All these forms of craving have been discarded, destroyed; their bondage has been severed, and the tangle has been untangled. That is why the Buddha also spoke with these words about nibbana: And what, bhikkhus, is the noble truth of the ces- sation of suffering? It is the remainderless fading away and cessation of that same craving, the giving up and relinquishing of it, freedom from it, nonreli- ance on it. This is called the noble truth of the ces- sation of suffering. —Samyutta Nikaya, 5.13 And it is hard to see this truth, namely, the stilling of all formations, the relinquishing of all acquisi- tions, the destruction of craving, dispassion, cessa- tion, Nibbana. —Majjhima Nikaya, 26.19 Two Types of Nibbana In terms of being the cessation of all mental and physical suffering that has the characteristic of peacefulness, there is only one kind of nibbana. courtesytheartistandrossi&rossi