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Buddhadharma : Fall 2018
GESHE LHUNDUB SOPA 55 to rely simply on meditative stabilization, or samadhi, because it is not able to remove mental afflictions from the root. In the first Stages of Meditation, he says: When you have stabilized your mind on the object, you must ana- lyze it with wisdom. The dawning of this wisdom clears away the root of all mental afflictions. If you do not do this, then, just like the non-Buddhists, you will not abandon the afflictions through mere samadhi alone. The King of Concentrations Sutra says: Although worldly ones cultivate samadhi, That does not destroy the false notion of self; Afflictions return and disturb them, Like Udraka, who cultivated samadhi up to this level. Non-Buddhist yogis can achieve very high levels of samadhi, including the absorption of cessation, which stops the mind and mental factors and leads to rebirth in the highest level of the form- less realm. But even this meditation does not get rid of the mental afflictions completely. It can only temporarily eliminate them up to the level of nothingness, the third level of the formless realm. Kamalashila is not merely asserting this; he quotes from the King of Concentrations Sutra to prove his point. The first line of the stanza refers to “worldly ones.” These are ordinary living beings imputed in dependence on what is perishable and a mere aggrega- tion—the mental and physical aggregates. Neither the body nor the mind is a single absolute thing. Each is an aggregation of many inter- dependent components. The body is a combination of flesh, blood, bones, and so on. The mind is a combination of feelings, perceptions, and so on. These aggregates are contaminated, impermanent, and subject to birth, aging, sickness, and death, without any freedom or power of their own. Even though mundane beings may cultivate meditative concentration and come to possess its special quali- ties—nondiscursiveness, clarity, and joy—they have only temporarily subdued certain obstructions. No matter how much they engage