using the arrow buttons.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Buddhadharma : Spring 2019
RICHARD SALOMON 47 Nearly all of the texts con- cerned are written in the Gandhari language, which was originally the local vernacular dialect of the region, but which—as has now become clear—came to be a canonical language of Bud- dhism in the early centuries of the Common Era. Gandhari is closely related to Sanskrit and Pali, and these relationships to better-known languages have been of great help in working out the many peculiari- ties and problems of Gandhari. The Kharosthi script that is invariably associated with the Gandhari lan- guage is derived from the Aramaic script and, like Aramaic, is written from right to left. Ancient Gandhara held a distinct cultural identity within the Indian world. It had long been a melting pot where invaders and immigrants from the west and north entered India. But like any area rich in cul- tural diversity, it was also home to chronic conflict. It’s no coincidence that the modern area correspond- ing to ancient Gandhara is to this day torn by warfare, violence, and sectarian hatred. Yet Gandhara is remembered in the Buddhist traditions of East Asia as a sort of paradise on earth. This memory harkens back to a time when the region was the center of a series of powerful cosmopolitan empires that united India, eastern Iran, and Central Asia. Most significant among these was the Kushana Empire, reigning from the first to fourth centuries CE. The Central Asian nomads who founded these empires enthusiasti- cally adopted Buddhism, and the trade and cultural contacts their vast empire facilitated promoted the spread of Buddhism from its Indian homeland into Central and East Asia. Thus, even though Gand- haran Buddhism went into gradual decline, eventually dying out en- tirely, it played a critical role in the history and spread of Buddhism. A Gandharan birchbark manuscript unrolled ©BRITISHLIBRARYBOARD:OR.14915